TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1/PART 1  FROM THE MAGIC LANTERN

TO THE PROJECTED MOTION PICTURE

THE ILLUSION OF MOTION IN MOTION PICTURES

Figure 1.1: The Illusion of Motion in Motion Pictures
Figure 1.2: Apparent Motion and the Phi Phenomenon

The Correspondence of Successive Images

The Neuropschology of Movie Watching

The Threshold of Rapid Repetition

EXPOSING PICTURES WITHOUT THE AID OF SUNLIGHT:

THE MAGIC LANTERN

“The Great Art of Light and Shadow”

The Thaumaturgic Lantern

Figure 1.3: Walgensten’s Thaumatrurgic Lantern
Figure 1.4: The Magic Lantern Show

The Sorcerer’s Lamp and the Fantasmagorie

“The Terror Inspired by Shadows”

Figure 1.5: Robertson’s Fantasmagorie

ILLUSIVE THEORY AND REAL INVENTION:

TOYS AND PHASE DRAWINGS

The Persistence of Vision Fallacy

Phase Drawings and the Principle of the Moving Shutter

The Stroboscope, the Phenakistiscope, and the Zoetrope

Figure 1.6: The Phenakistiscope and the Stroboscope
Figure 1.7: The Zoetrope

The Importance of the Shutter in the Flicks

Figure 1.8: The Double-Bladed Shutter

The First Projected Animations

Figure 1.9: The Praxinoscope

From Painted Drawings to Photographic Images

The Camera Obscura

The Camera Obscura and the Photographic Camera

Figure 1.10: The Camera Obscura

The Development of Photographic Processes

The Daguerrotype

The Calotype and the Collodion

Fixing Nature on Glass: The Stereopticon

Figure 1.11: The Stereopticon

The Advent of Moving Images:

From the Successive Pose to Serial Photography

Figure 1.12: Moving Images from the Phasmatrope

Eadweard Muybridge: The Pursuit of Locomotion

Figure 1.13: Muybridge’s “Flying Horse”

Images for Study: Animal Locomotion

Figure 1.14: Animal Locomotion

The Zoöpraxiscope

Figure 1.15: The Zoöpraxiscope

Étienne-Jules Marey and the Single-Lens Camera

Figure 1.16: Marey’s Chronophotographic Gun

Reading 1.1: In Theory: “The Photoplay Obeys the Law of the Mind”

Figure R1.1: Gestalt Perception: The Preference for Contour

Reading 1.2: In Theory: Certain Tendencies in the Pre-Cinema

Figure R1.2: The Lanternist as Street Hawker
Figure R1.3: The Genesis of the Tramp
Figure R1.4: The Dandy on the Tightrope
Figure R1.5: The Kinetoscope as Peepshow
Figure R1.6: Skirting the Proprieties
Figure R1.7: “Young Ladies in a Midnight Frolic”
Figure R1.8: The Lanternist as Storyteller
Figure R1.9: Memories of a Magic Lantern

Biographical Sketch 1.1: Étienne-Jules Marey

Figure B1.1: Marey’s Station Physiologique
Figure B1.2: The Art of Physiology
Figure B1.3: The Representation of Movement
Figure B1.4: The Art and Science of Multiple-Image Reproduction

GLOSSARY

REFERENCES

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