The Black Maria

On the left, we see an exterior shot of the Black Maria taken by Dickson in late 1894. The roof opened to admit sunlight and thus make photography possible, and the whole studio rotated on a circular track in order to follow the sun during the course of the day. Inside the Black Maria, there was a stage for the performers and a trolley on which the camera was mounted. The rendering on the right, which appeared in the June 1894 edition of Century Magazine, shows William Heise at work on a moving-picture subject. The sound-recording apparatus on the left is nonfunctional; it was included for promotional purposes.

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