TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER 6/PART 1  INDUSTRIALIZATION OF THE CINEMA IN FRANCE

“ALL THE FILMS AT THIS THEATER WERE FRENCH”

Figure 6.1: Edison Upgrades
Table 6.1: The Influx of Foreign Films

“We Prefer the Foreign Films”

VERTICAL INTEGRATION COMES TO THE CINEMA

Figure 6.2: The Cinématographe Comes to England

The Two Usines aux Images: New Models of Organizational Practice

Gaumont et cie: Vertical Integration and the Development of the Director-Unit System

Figure 6.3: The Lineage of the Gaumont Chronographe
Figure 6.4: The Gaumont Chronophone System
Figure 6.5: Gaumont Studio at Buttes-Chaumont
Figure 6.6: The Advent of the Newsreel
Figure 6.7: Gaumont’s Paris Picture Palace

Société Pathé-Frères: The Commitment to Expansion

Figure 6.8: The Pathé Frères Run Away with the Industry
Figure 6.9: The Pathé Professional Camera

The Age of Pathé; or, How to Industrialize the Cinema

Exploiting Mass Production and Economies of Scale

Figure 6.10: The Studio That Capital Built

The Cinema and “Mass-Produced Culture”

Catering to the Fairground

Figure 6.11: The Peripatetic Attraction

Building an Urban Audience

The Holding-Company Concept

Figure 6.12: The European Cartel Convenes

A Name Synonymous with the Cinema

REFERENCES

Reading 6.1: In Theory: “Modes of Producing Auteurism and the New Wave”

Figure R6.1: An Auteurist Homage
Figure R6.2: The Partnership That Survived Modes of Production
Figure R6.3: The Producer-Director at Work
Figure R6.4: The Epical Package-Unit Production
Figure R6.5: The Avant-Garde Package-Unit Production

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